The Sounds of Fighting Men, Howlinâ€™ Wolf and Comedy Icon Among 25 Named to the National Recording Registry
The lyrics of a rapper whose message transcended conflict to embrace love, the 1970 song that immortalized a country legend, and battle sounds from World War II are among the aural treasures that have been selected for preservation by the Library of Congress. Today, Librarian of Congress James H. Billington named the 25 new additions to the eighth annual National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress, which will ensure that these cultural, artistic and historical recordings are always available to the American public.
(Vocus) June 23, 2010 — The lyrics of a rapper whose message transcended conflict to embrace love, the 1970 song that immortalized a country legend, and battle sounds from World War II are among the aural treasures that have been selected for preservation by the Library of Congress. Today, Librarian of Congress James H. Billington named the 25 new additions to the eighth annual National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress (http://www.loc.gov), which will ensure that these cultural, artistic and historical recordings are always available to the American public.
Under the terms of the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000, the Librarian, with advice from the Libraryâ€™s National Recording Preservation Board (http://www.loc.gov) (NRPB), is tasked with selecting 25 recordings that are â€œculturally, historically, or aesthetically significantâ€ and are at least 10 years old. The selections for the 2009 registry bring the total number of recordings to 300.
â€œIt is time to once again celebrate the nationâ€™s rich sonic history and the importance of sound recordings in our lives,â€ said Billington. â€œThis latest list of selections showcases the diverse beauty, humanity and artistry found in the American soundscape. The Libraryâ€™s Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation will partner with many individuals and organizations to preserve and sustain these significant examples of our creative spirit so that they can inform and enrich the lives of modern and future generations.â€
The list of recordings named to the registry features a diverse selection of spoken word and musical recordings that span the years 1913-1995. They cover a wide range of sounds and music, attesting to the vast imagination and creativity flowing through the cultural stream of the nationâ€™s aural heritage. Selections cross musical types ranging from klezmer to blues, pop and rap, but also include comedy, radio broadcasts, field recordings, Broadway cast recordings and lab experiments.
Among the selections are hip-hop icon Tupac Shakur, who paid homage to mothers struggling to survive in â€œDear Mamaâ€; Loretta Lynnâ€™s biographical hit, â€œCoal Minerâ€™s Daughterâ€; Bill Cosbyâ€™s second album, â€œI Started Out As a Child,â€ of short vignettes drawn mainly from his childhood; the 1923 recording, â€œCanal Street Blues,â€ by King Oliverâ€™s Creole Jazz Band that epitomizes the New Orleans sound; the last sessions by the 1961 lineup of the Bill Evans Trio and possibly the greatest live recordings in the history of jazz; and the Marine Corps Combat Field Recording Collection of the second battle of Guam, which vividly documents rare battle sounds and personal accounts by troops before, during and after the battle.
Additions to the registry also feature notable performances by Little Richard, Willie Nelson, The Band, The Staple Singers, Eddie Palmieri, Ethel Merman and Patti Smith.
Nominations were gathered from online submissions from the public and from the NRPB, which comprises leaders in the fields of music, recorded sound and preservation. The Library is currently accepting nominations for the next registry at the NRPB website (www.loc.gov/nrpb/).
As part of its congressional mandate, the Library is identifying and preserving the best existing versions of the recordings on the registry. These recordings will be housed in the Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation in Culpeper, Va., a state-of-the-art facility that was made possible through the generosity of David Woodley Packard and the Packard Humanities Institute, with benefaction from the U.S. Congress. The Libraryâ€™s Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Divisionâ€™s collections include more than 6 million items, including nearly 3 million sound recordings.
Founded in 1800, the Library of Congress (http://www.loc.gov) is the nationâ€™s oldest federal cultural institution. The Library seeks to spark imagination and creativity and to further human understanding and wisdom by providing access to knowledge through its magnificent collections, programs and exhibitions. Many of the Libraryâ€™s rich resources can be accessed through its website at www.loc.gov and via interactive exhibitions on a personalized website at myLOC.gov (http://myloc.gov/).
2009 National Recording Registry (Listing in Chronological Order)
1.Â Â Â Â â€œFon der Choopeâ€ (From the Wedding), Abe Elenkrigâ€™s Yidishe Orchestra (1913)
2.Â Â Â Â â€œCanal Street Blues,â€ King Oliverâ€™s Creole Jazz Band (1923)
3.Â Â Â Â â€œTristan und Isolde,â€ Metropolitan Opera, featuring Kirsten Flagstad and Lauritz Melchior, NBC Broadcast of March 9, 1935
4.Â Â Â Â â€œWhen You Wish Upon a Star,â€ Cliff Edwards (recorded, 1938; released, 1940)
5.Â Â Â Â â€œAmericaâ€™s Town Meeting of the Air: Should Our Ships Convoy Materials to England?â€ (May 8, 1941)
6.Â Â Â Â The Library of Congress Marine Corps Combat Field Recording Collection, Second Battle of Guam (July 20 – August 11, 1944)
7.Â Â Â Â â€œEvangeline Specialâ€ and â€œLove Bridge Waltz,â€ Iry LeJeune (1948)
8.Â Â Â Â â€œThe Little Engine That Could,â€ narrated by Paul Wing (1949)
9.Â Â Â Â Leon Metcalf Collection of recordings of the First People of Western Washington State (1950-1954)
10.Â Â Â Â â€œTutti Frutti,â€ Little Richard (1955)
11.Â Â Â Â â€œSmokestack Lightning,â€ Howlinâ€™ Wolf (1956)
12.Â Â Â Â â€œGypsy,â€ original cast recording (1959)
13.Â Â Â Â The Complete Village Vanguard Recordings, Bill Evans Trio (June 25, 1961)
14.Â Â Â Â â€œDaisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two),â€ Max Mathews (1961)
15.Â Â Â Â â€œI Started Out As a Child,â€ Bill Cosby (1964)
16.Â Â Â Â â€œAzucar Pa Ti,â€ Eddie Palmieri (1965)
17.Â Â Â Â â€œToday!,â€ Mississippi John Hurt (1966))
18.Â Â Â Â â€œSilver Apples of the Moon,â€ Morton Subotnick (1967)
19.Â Â Â Â â€œSoul Folk in Action,â€ The Staple Singers (1968)
20.Â Â Â Â â€œThe Band,â€ The Band (1969)
21.Â Â Â Â â€œCoal Minerâ€™s Daughter,â€ Loretta Lynn (1970)
22.Â Â Â Â â€œRed Headed Stranger,â€ Willie Nelson (1975)
23.Â Â Â Â â€œHorses,â€ Patti Smith (1975)
24.Â Â Â Â â€œRadio Free Europeâ€ R.E.M. (1981))
25.Â Â Â Â â€œDear Mama,â€ Tupac Shakur (1995)
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Public contact: Stephen Leggett (202) 707-5912
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